Generation of multiple excitons in Ag2S quantum dots: single high-energy versus multiple-photon excitation

Generation of multiple excitons in Ag2S quantum dots: single high-energy versus multiple-photon excitation

Generation of multiple excitons in Ag2S quantum dots: single high-energy versus multiple-photon excitation
Jingya Sun, Weili Yu, Anwar Usman, Tayirjan T. Isimjan, Silvano DGobbo, Erkki Alarousu, Kazuhiro Takanabe, and Omar F. Mohammed
J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 5 (4), pp 659–665, (2014)
Jingya Sun, Weili Yu, Anwar Usman, Tayirjan T. Isimjan, Silvano DGobbo, Erkki Alarousu, Kazuhiro Takanabe, and Omar F. Mohammed
Exciton multiplication, Ag2S quantum dots, Femtosecond broad-band transient spectroscopy, Auger recombination
2014
We explored biexciton generation via carrier multiplication (or multiple-exciton generation) by high-energy photons and by multiple-photon absorption in Ag2S quantum dots (QDs) using femtosecond broad-band transient absorption spectroscopy. Irrespective of the size of the QDs and how the multiple excitons are generated in the Ag2S QDs, two distinct characteristic time constants of 9.6–10.2 and 135–175 ps are obtained for the nonradiative Auger recombination of the multiple excitons, indicating the existence of two binding excitons, namely, tightly bound and weakly bound excitons. More importantly, the lifetimes of multiple excitons in Ag2S QDs were about 1 and 2 orders of magnitude longer than those of comparable size PbS QDs and single-walled carbon nanotubes, respectively. This result is significant because it suggests that by utilizing an appropriate electron acceptor, there is a higher possibility to extract multiple electron–hole pairs in Ag2S QDs, which should improve the performance of QD-based solar cell devices.




DOI: 10.1021/jz5000512