Publication

Formamidinium Lead Halide Perovskite Crystals with Unprecedented Long Carrier Dynamics and Diffusion Length

Formamidinium Lead Halide Perovskite Crystals with Unprecedented Long Carrier Dynamics and Diffusion Length
Ayan A. Zhumekenov, Makhsud I. Saidaminov, Md Azimul Haque, Erkki Alarousu, Smritakshi Phukan Sarmah, Banavoth Murali, Ibrahim Dursun, Xiao-He Miao, Ahmed L. Abdelhady, Tom Wu, Omar F. Mohammed, Osman M. Bakr
ACS Energy Lett., 2016, 1, pp 32–37
Ayan A. Zhumekenov, Makhsud I. Saidaminov, Md Azimul Haque, Erkki Alarousu, Smritakshi Phukan Sarmah, Banavoth Murali, Ibrahim Dursun, Xiao-He Miao, Ahmed L. Abdelhady, Tom Wu, Omar F. Mohammed, Osman M. Bakr
perovskite, crystals
2016


State-of-the-art perovskite solar cells with record efficiencies were achieved by replacing methylammonium (MA) with formamidinium (FA) in perovskite polycrystalline films. However, these films suffer from severe structural disorder and high density of traps; thus, the intrinsic properties of FA-based perovskites remain obscured. Here we report the detailed optical and electrical properties of FAPbX3 (where X = Br and I) single crystals. FAPbX3 crystals exhibited markedly enhanced transport compa​red not just to FAPbX3 polycrystalline films but also, surprisingly, to MAPbX3 single crystals. Particularly, FAPbBr3 crystals displayed a 5-fold longer carrier lifetime and 10-fold lower dark carrier concentration than those of MAPbBr3 single crystals. We report long carrier diffusion lengths—much longer than previously thought—of 6.6 μm for FAPbI3 and 19.0 μm for FAPbBr3 crystals, the latter being one of the longest reported values in perovskite materials. These findings are of great importance for future integrated applications of these perovskites.
DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00002