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Homo- or Hetero-Triplet–Triplet Annihilation? A Case Study with Perylene-BODIPY Dyads/Triads

Homo- or Hetero-Triplet–Triplet Annihilation? A Case Study with Perylene-BODIPY Dyads/Triads
Xiaoneng Cui, Ahmed M. El-Zohry, Zhijia Wang, Jianzhang Zhao, Omar F. Mohammed
J. Phys. Chem. C, 2017121 (30), pp 16182–16192
Xiaoneng Cui, Ahmed M. El-Zohry, Zhijia Wang, Jianzhang Zhao, Omar F. Mohammed
photophysical processes
2017


The photophysical processes of intramolecular “ping-pong” energy transfers in the iodinated reference dyad BDP-I2-Py, as well as the uniodinated dyad BDP-Py and triad BDP-2Py, were studied. For BDP-I2-Py, a forward Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) from the perylene (Py) unit to the diiodoBDP unit (τ = 7 ps) and a backward triplet energy transfer (TTET, τ = 3 ns) from the diiodoBDP unit to the Py unit were observed. For the BDP-Py and BDP-2Py systems, a FRET (τ = 5–8 ps) and a photoinduced electron transfer (PET) (τ = 1–1.5 ns) were observed in acetonitrile. The uniodinated dyad and triad were used as the triplet energy acceptor and emitter for a triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA) upconversion with palladium tetraphenyltetrabenzoporphyrin as the triplet photosensitizer. A maximum upconversion quantum yield of 12.6% was observed. Given that the dyad (BDP-Py) contains one BDP unit and one Py unit while the triad (BDP-2Py) contains two Py units and one BDP unit and based on the results from steady-state femtosecond and nanosecond transient optical spectroscopies, it is concluded that neither intramolecular homo-TTA nor intramolecular hetero-TTA is possible during a TTA upconversion for those systems.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b05620